Solarian Programmer

My programming ramblings

Raspberry Pi Raspbian Compiling GCC 6

Posted on June 29, 2016 by Sol

This is a short article about compiling, building, GCC 6 from sources and how to get started with C++14 and C++17 on Raspberry Pi with Raspbian. At this time Raspbian comes with the stable but outdated GCC 4.9 as the default C and C++ compiler.

I’ve tested the next steps on a Raspberry Pi 2, but it should work on all current models.

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Raspberry Pi - Install GCC 6 and compile C++14 and C++17 programs

Posted on June 24, 2016 by Sol

This is a short article about how to get started with C++14 and C++17 on Raspberry Pi on Raspbian. At the time of this writing Raspbian is based on Debian Jessie, which comes with the stable but outdated GCC 4.9 as the default C and C++ compiler.

Fortunately, the next release of Debian, Stretch, comes with GCC 6.1 which has a complete C++11/C++14 implementation. I wouldn’t recommend a complete upgrade from Jessie to Stretch because, at this time, not all packages from Stretch have proper support for Raspberry Pi, this is why I will show you next how to install GCC 6 and his dependencies from Stretch and keep Jessie as the default source for all the other packages. I’ve tested the next steps on Raspberry Pi 2 and 3, but it should work on older models too.

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How to share a compiled iOS app ipa with your users for testing using Dropbox or your website

Posted on May 14, 2016 by Sol

In this post I will show you a simple way in which you can share your iOS applications wirelessly with your friends or users for testing purposes. The procedure requires that you have an iOS device and an Apple developer account. You will also need a secure (https) personal website or a Dropbox account. If you can test your app on your device, you can share it with other people.

Please note that this approach does not require any kind of jailbreaking and as far as I can tell, it is accepted by Apple. Alternatively, you can use TestFlight to invite people to test your beta application. Personally, I found the approach presented in this article easier to setup and use.

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Compiling GCC 6 on OS X

Posted on May 10, 2016 by Sol

In this tutorial, I will show you how to compile from source and install the current stable version of GCC with Graphite loop optimizations on your OS X computer. The instructions from this tutorial were tested with Xcode 7.3 and El Capitan (OS X 10.11).

Clang, the default compiler for OS X, supports only C, C++ and Objective-C. If you are interested in a modern Fortran compiler, e.g. you will need gfortran that comes with GCC. Another reason to have the latest stable version of GCC on your Mac is that it provides you with an alternative C and C++ compiler. Testing your code with two different compilers is always a good idea.

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How to upgrade Node.js on Mac OS X

Posted on April 29, 2016 by Sol

If you already have Node.js installed on your Mac you will need to upgrade it when a new version comes up. There are basically two ways to achieve this goal download the installer from Node.js or use the command line to upgrade Node.js.

A simple way to upgrade Node.js from the Terminal is to use the n version manager:

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Compiling Boost with GCC 5 or Clang on Mac OS X

Posted on March 6, 2016 by Sol

In this article I will show you how to build the Boost libraries under Mac OS X with GCC 5 or Clang. Once the libraries are installed, we’ll test the build with a short demo of using Boost Filesystem.

The next C++ standard, C++17, will probably include a much needed Filesystem specification based on Boost Filesystem. Some compilers like Visual Studio 2015 already include the filesystem header as an experimental feature. In the meantime, if your preferred C++ compiler doesn’t include filesystem, you can use the Boost implementation and update your code later.

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OpenCV video editing tutorial

Posted on June 4, 2015 by Sol

The code for this post is on GitHub:

I’ve always knew that OpenCV can be used to do some video editing, however when I’ve actually tried to use it to open a video file, a few weeks ago, I was amazed at the quantity of misleading or incomplete tutorials you find on the web. I wrote this tutorial to save some time for others like me that need to do some quick and dirty video editing with C++ and OpenCV.

Simplest thing that you could try is to read frames from your computer’s webcam. OpenCV uses the same function, VideoCapture, for opening a video file or a camera attached to your computer, the only difference is that for a camera you will feed the function a number, while for an actual video file you will use the video path.

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OpenMP on OS X

Posted on May 14, 2015 by Sol

At the time of this writing Clang, the default C++ compiler on OS X, doesn’t have an OpenMP implementation. GCC however supports OpenMP 4, but you need to install it yourself if you want to use it. GCC 5 can be built from sources for OS X if you want to have the latest and greatest or, you can install it with Homebrew.

OpenMP ads threading support to a C or C++ code through pragmas, this has the advantage that you can take a serial code and parallelize it with minimal code modifications.

As a side node, starting with C++11, you can directly use the thread header if you want to explicitly parallelize your code and this approach is supported by Clang.

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Detect red circles in an image using OpenCV

Posted on May 8, 2015 by Sol

The code for this post is on GitHub:

A few days ago someone asked me, in an email, if it is possible to detect all red circles in an image that contains circles and rectangles of various colors. I thought this problem could be of certain interest to the readers of this blog, hence the present article.

From the many possible approaches to the problem of red circles detection, two seem straightforward:

  • Detect all circles from the input image and keep only the ones that are filled with red.
  • Threshold the input image in order to keep only the red pixels, search for circles in the result.

I found the second approach to be slightly better than the first one (less false positives), so I am going to present it in this post.

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Raspberry Pi - Building SDL 2 on Raspbian

Posted on January 22, 2015 by Sol

This is a short tutorial on how to get started with SDL 2 programming on a Raspberry Pi device that has Raspbian installed. If you want to write C++, or C, games that are easily portable to other platforms SDL 2 is the way to go on Raspbian. Unfortunately, at the time of this writing Raspbian comes with the outdated SDL 1.2 installed.

Let’s start by updating our Raspbian installation, feel free to skip this step if your system was recently updated:

1 sudo apt-get update
2 sudo apt-get upgrade

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Getting started with JOGL (OpenGL bindings for Java) in Eclipse

Posted on December 8, 2014 by Sol

Recently, a reader of my OpenGL 101 series emailed me about how to get started with OpenGL in Java. More specifically, he was interested in JOGL the Java bindings for OpenGL. I thought his question was general enough to write a small post about creating a Java OpenGL getting started project.

JOGL is a good fit for a Java programmer that wants to learn OpenGL, it is particularly useful if you follow some OpenGL intro book or article. If you are more interested in writing Java games, you should check a more game friendly library like LWJGL or, even better, libGDX.

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C++14 lambda tutorial

Posted on August 28, 2014 by Sol

The last iteration of C++, C++14 was approved this month. C++14 brings a few much anticipated changes to the C++11 standard, like allowing auto to be used as the return type of a function, or generic lambdas - the subject of this article.

Lambdas, in C++, were introduced by the C++11 standard. They were meant to let the coder write short, anonymous functions, that could be used instead of a function object, avoiding the need to create a separate class and a function definition. Here is a typical example of C++11 lambda usage, that returns the square of a number:

1 int result = [](int input) { return input * input; }(10);
2 cout << result << endl;

If you need to reuse the same piece of code in more than one place, you can save the function in a variable:

1 auto func = [](int input) { return input * input; };
3 // first use
4 std::cout << func(10) << std::endl;
6 // second use
7 std::cout << func(23) << std::endl;

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Building GCC on Ubuntu Linux

Posted on August 26, 2014 by Sol

This is a short article about compiling GCC 4.9 from sources on Ubuntu 14.04 64 bits. The default version of GCC on Ubuntu 14.04 is gcc-4.8.2 which is not bad, however gcc-4.9.1 is an almost complete C++11 implementation and also has parts of the new C++14 standard. For e.g. gcc-4.8.2 doesn’t have a complete regex implementation, while gcc-4.9.1 has this.

First, let’s make sure that we have an up to date system:

1 sudo apt-get update
2 sudo apt-get upgrade

Next step is to install a few prerequisites for a succesful GCC compilation:

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C++14 auto tutorial

Posted on August 21, 2014 by Sol

The C++14 standard was recently approved. Without bringing big changes to the language, like the previous standard did, the C++14 standard aims to make the programmer’s job easier by improving the C++11 standard.

C++11 introduced the auto keyword (technically auto was present even in the C++03 standard, however C++11 changed the meaning of auto), auto was meant to make the code cleaner and less error prone, by letting you write for example:

1     auto i = 1;
2     auto c = return_a_complex_number();

instead of:

1     int i = 1;
2     std::complex<double> c = return_a_complex_number();

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Install a 3rd party free SSL certificate on your LAMP server

Posted on August 19, 2014 by Sol

Last week, due to the recent Google announcement that they intend to favor websites that use SSL encryption, I’ve decided to install a SSL certificate on my blog. After a few hours of reading various articles about how you to install a SSL certificate on a Linux VPS, and another hour or two fiddling with my server settings, I’ve had all my traffic redirected to the https version of my blog.

Everything seemed to be in order, Chrome showed me a nice, green, https address:

https green OK

and I was ready to declare a major success in my short career as a server admin … until I’ve opened my website in Firefox and the world become gray and ugly:

https gray not OK

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